Housing is a basic and fundamental human need. Today, there is a virtual housing crisis in the country. Rapid population growth, overcrowding, shortage of supply, aging housing stock, development of slums and Katchi Abadis, sera city of land and lack of financial resources has further aggravated the situation.
According to 1998 census, the total number of housing units throughout the country was 19.3 million. 67.7% housing was in rural areas and 32.3% in urban areas. The overall housing stock comprised of 39% kucha houses, 40% semi pukka houses and 21% pukka houses. The housing backlog, as estimated according to the 1998 census, was 4.3 million units. The additional annual requirement is estimated around 300,000 units, thereby, resulting in a recurring shortfall of 270,000 housing units annually.